1. Neuschwanstein, Bavaria, Germany
In Germany, not a few beautiful old castles and fortresses. One of the most famous is Neuschwanstein, located in Bavaria in the south-west, near the town of Füssen. But it’s not difficult to get to it from Munich and Salzburg. The name of the castle in German means — a new swan cliff, which is very romantic and plays no small role in the popularity of this castle. And the number of visitors to this architectural monument annually exceeds one million people. And more than six thousand a day tourists from all over the world. This is not surprising, because to this day the fairy palace floating in the clouds is simply mesmerizing with its grandeur and beauty.
The order to build this castle was given by King Ludwig II in the late 19th century. Construction of the castle began in 1869, and was completed in 1883. Earlier in this place, on the top of the rock there were two fortresses. It is interesting that the castle Neuschwanstein became in due time a prototype and prototype of the castle of the Sleeping Beauty, built in Paris Disneyland. According to another unproven hypothesis, it is assumed that the Russian composer Perth Tchaikovsky was so stunned by the sight of the castle and the panorama to the surrounding open spaces and being in Neuschwanstein, the melody Swan Lake was born in his head, which later became the basis of the ballet of the same name.
King Ludwig II, as he is called in Germany — a fairy king, was always unkind to Munich and did not like to live in it, and so from a young age he dreamed of his own castle, but who does not dream? And like a real king, he fulfilled his dream, but he went to it for many years. During the construction of the castle, Ludwig was not stingy and money for construction was flowing by the river. Even the fact that for the construction of the castle before it was necessary to blow up the rock, to form the territory on which it was possible to build the castle.
It was thanks to such generosity that the castle turned out to be magnificent, expensive, majestic, extraordinarily luxurious. But, fate was unfriendly to King Ludwig II. People did not like the fact that the king spends so much government money on construction and they raised a riot. As a result, the king was found insane and mentally not healthy. Ludwig was secondarily detained in custody in another royal castle — Berg. For unknown reasons, the king and his attending physician were found the next day after arriving in Berg killed under obscure circumstances. It so happened that the dream that Ludwig II cherished all his life he was not destined to see.
The paradox of the castle lies in the fact that the king who fulfilled his dreams was expelled for the waste of the treasury, but to date the castle seems to pay for the guilt of its creator and brings more than one and a half billion dollars per year of income. The castle is often depicted in pictures, it is a very popular object for photographing, not once it was filmed in movies.