2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai China, 632 m, 2015
The Shanghai Tower is a 632-metre , 127-story megatall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai. As of 2015, it is the world’s tallest building, by height to highest usable floor (Level 127, 587.4 m). It also has the world’s highest observation deck within a building or structure (Level 121, 561.25 m), and the world’s fastest elevators at a top speed of 20.5 m/s (74 km/h). It is the world’s second-tallest building by height to architectural top (behind Dubai’s Burj Khalifa, 828 m) and the world’s third-tallest structure (behind Tokyo Skytree, 634 m).
Designed by Gensler and owned by the Shanghai city government, it is the tallest of the world’s first triple-adjacent super-tall buildings in Pudong, the other two being the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center. Its tiered construction, designed for high energy efficiency, provides nine separate zones divided between office, retail and leisure use.
Construction work on the tower began in November 2008 and topped out on 3 August 2013. The exterior was completed in summer 2015. Although the building was originally scheduled to open to the public in November 2014, as of January 2015, most of the building is observation deck was opened on 18 February 2015.