In the first half of the 2000s, the Chinese government launched several projects to build new large cities. Thus, the country solved several tasks: providing the population with work, maintaining high rates of economic growth, urbanization and modernizing the economy. The cities are built, but the inhabitants do not hurry to populate them, the demand for new housing does not keep pace with the proposal, artificially created by the state. Thus appeared the phenomenon of Chinese ghost cities.
Tsaofaidian is located 225 kilometers south-west of Beijing. It was conceived as a great ecological city. One and a half million of its inhabitants had to use only renewable energy. At the same time, the government insisted that a large steel plant of the Shougang Group move to the city — in this industry it was supposed to establish the demography and economy of the new city. According to the Wall Street Journal, over the past decade, an ambitious project has been invested 91 billion dollars, but so far it only brings losses. Empty streets and abandoned houses speak for themselves.
The ghost town of Zhaofaidian is located 225 kilometers south-west of Beijing. This city was calculated for one and a half million inhabitants, while the city planned to implement an environmentally friendly energy model using renewable energy. Under pressure from the government, the Shougang Group, which was supposed to serve as a city-forming enterprise, was moved to Tsaofaidian, but despite the huge funds invested in the construction and development of the city, the Tsaofaidian is currently a completely unprofitable project.
«To understand what is happening, it’s enough just to look around», — Zhao Jianyun, a worker of a factory for the production of reinforced plastic pipes, who has been idle for several months, is talking about the empty abandoned houses.